Viña Vistamar’s vineyards are rooted in cool areas, where the climate allows the grapes to enjoy a long and slow ripening period. Whether on the coast or at the Andean foothills, it is during this process that they acquire the remarkable balance and attractive flavors with which they have conquered the palates of wine lovers since their beginnings.
Cachapoal is one of the most important wine valleys in central Chile. It forms part of the river basin that bears its name, located about 80 kilometers south of Santiago, the country’s capital city. Two mountain ranges that run from east to west –Paine to the north and Pelequén to the south- enclose the valley. Its climate is temperate Mediterranean, with an annual rainfall of around 400 mm. It features a high thermal amplitude, reaching temperatures above 30° C in summer and below 0° C in winter. Depending on the location with respect to the Cachapoal River, its soils can be of alluvial and colluvial origin, or deep and of good fertility.
In this valley, Viña Vistamar sources its grapes from our La Moralina estate, located in the Andean sector of Cachapoal, only seven kilometers from our winery. Since the vineyard is situated in the foothills of the mountains, its irrigation water comes directly from the thaws of the mountain range. During spring and summer, the thermal amplitude can be broad but relieved by the constant breezes that cool the vines and protect them from high temperatures. Most of its soils are deep to moderately deep. But it is also possible to find sectors of thinner soils, which have a compact subsoil and a profile of abundant angular stones and smoothed pebbles of alluvial-colluvial origin and of andesitic and granite composition.
Casablanca is one of the most renowned Chilean viticultural valleys, with an excellent international reputation for the quality of its wines. Its main characteristic is the maritime influence that penetrates from the Pacific Ocean and produces morning fogs that even out the temperatures.
Casablanca’s climate features cold winters and summers with a broad thermal oscillation. There are additionally significant temperature differences between the slopes and the lower, flat areas, often affected by spring frosts. The soils are deep and have a medium to coarse texture. The slopes are characterized by a clay-loam texture.
The landscape in our El Principal estate shows numerous soft rolling hills exposed towards the east, where it receives mainly the morning sun, which produces a fresh-fruit profile and slow ripening of the grapes. This vineyard is where most of Vistamar’s Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir originate.
In this region, climate can be defined as Mediterranean sub-humid, although it is also known as one of the valleys with the largest climatic differences between its different sectors.
The Maule Valley presents warm summers with broad thermal amplitudes between day and night. Rains concentrate and are plentiful in winter when temperatures are rather low. Its soils are usually of alluvial and volcanic origin. This is one of the most extensive Chilean wine valleys and the largest producer of wine grapes.
The climate in this valley is temperate Mediterranean, with warm and dry summers. Its alluvial, stony, well-drained and moderately fertile soils, in addition to its excellent climatic conditions, favor the production of high-quality red wines, mainly Cabernet Sauvignon.
The grapes for Viña Vistamar’s wines come from two of our vineyards located in this valley: San Bernardo and El Puntal, the latter, in Isla de Maipo. Both are trellised to the vertical shoot position, and their soils show gravels with a clayey horizon and a loamy texture, which facilitates deep root development. These conditions are, to a large extent, determinants for the quality of the great Maipo wines.